Infant language development
Language, as a tool and product of human social communication, is gradually mastered after the baby is born through imitation and learning. During the period of 0-1 years, the baby's language ability develops rapidly, which can be roughly divided into 3 stages:
1.0-3 months-simple pronunciation stage: at birth, the baby will occasionally utter the simplest monosyllables, and may have m~ma sounds at the age of 2 months. Babies born 3 months old will have more vowels and a small amount of consonants.
2.4-8 months-continuous pronunciation stage: the baby will not only produce more consonants, but also use continuous syllables, such as ba~ba, ma~ma. But this is not calling one's own parents, it's just an instinct.
3.9-12 months-the stage of learning words: The baby starts to imitate the adult's language hard, try to connect the learned vocabulary with specific things, and begin to explore the meaning of these words.
Baby's language ability development indicators
The so-called developmental indicators, in short, are what types of words a baby can say at a certain age. Through the research of a large number of 0-6 year old babies, under normal circumstances, the development of the baby’s language ability will follow the following indicators:
Within 1 month
In addition to crying, babies can also pronounce simple single syllables, such as a. Can distinguish the voice of parents, like to listen to parents talking with others, occasionally babble.
There are reflective pronunciations, and 3 or more of a, o, and e can be uttered.
A 3-month-old baby can make sounds that he/she feels comfortable with, such as laughing loudly, and vowel sounds such as ou, h, k, ai, or occasionally whistling softly. When they are 4 months old, babies are happy to talk to adults and often talk to themselves. You can express your emotions by crying and laughing loudly, and will imitate the tone.
When called by an adult, the baby will stare at the adult and smile; the baby will also talk to his favorite toys and imitate sounds like ma~ma. At this stage, the baby has the ability to control his own voice, he can perceive different tones and sounds of different sizes, and make different responses. If he is blamed, he can also perceive it.
At this stage, the baby becomes more sensitive to language, has a richer voice, and can say ba~ba and ma~ma. He already has the ability to understand adult language to a certain extent, and tries to associate certain words with their meanings. When familiar people, such as parents, call him by name, he will look back and can distinguish the voices of his parents from other people. He may react differently to the different tone of voice of an adult.
Babies at this stage can not only understand some words often spoken by adults, but also communicate with adults in simpler language. At this time, the baby should be able to take the initiative to call his mother, will often imitate the adult's speech, will repeatedly say a word, and gradually learn to obey the parents' orders.
The baby is very talkative and talkative. When you can't express it in words, you often use actions, that is, body language. Now they not only know how to use words (about 5-10 simple words), but they also learn to make sentences. (Adults can observe whether the baby will shake his head when he says "no" and use body language to assist the voice language.)
Around 2 years old
The language ability has been further developed. From the previous development of using only single and double words, now it is possible to use complete words and sentences, but there are many errors in pronunciation. At this stage, the baby should be able to retell it more completely after listening to a short story (even if there are some discrepancies or omissions in the plot), or can recite simple and short nursery rhymes or poems.
3-4 years old
The baby's vocabulary has reached more than 200, and he can talk to adults more completely and fluently, or describe an event completely, and some will add a little bit of his own evaluation of someone or something. Babies at this stage are especially fond of storytelling and will repeatedly describe passages they think are interesting. What parents need to pay attention to is that babies’ ability to imitate adults is increasing day by day. They often use some of the words and tone of adults to communicate with their peers, so parents must pay attention to their own words in front of their babies.
5-6 years old
Love to listen to stories, and love to read stories. Possess considerable inductive ability, can tell the content outline and central idea of a certain story; also have certain grammatical knowledge, can understand the meaning of abstract vocabulary and try to use it. Language has the concept of time (somewhat similar to the "tense" in English), it can describe events in the "past" and "future", and can correct other people's grammatical errors.