Indicators of hearing development for babies aged 0-6
Whether the baby’s hearing development is normal or not determines the baby’s language development, so it is necessary to have hearing to learn to speak through language, so it is very important to protect children’s hearing!
Babies have a sense of hearing. Most babies can react to hearing stimuli 1-2 times after they are born, and they are also very sensitive to the voice of adults. The adult speaks softly next to the baby and observes whether the baby responds differently to changes in the voice. After a week, when his hearing is fully developed, he will pay close attention to human voices and be sensitive to noise. Speak next to your baby, turning his head to familiar sounds and languages.
The response to sound is very keen, whether it is familiar or unfamiliar, it will react differently. Adults can talk to the baby softly, or play some soft music, make sounds in different directions from the baby, and the baby will turn his head towards the sound source.
I can distinguish the voice of an adult, and I will be very happy to hear my mother's voice. Tell your baby emotionally. The gentle and pleasant voice will cause your baby to smile, shake hands and feet and other positive reactions. At 4 months, he can distinguish different timbres, distinguish between male and female voices, and is very sensitive to the feelings expressed in language, and can have different reactions. First play a female song to the baby, and when the baby "adapts" to the song, immediately change to a male voice, and he will react differently.
I am very curious about all kinds of novel sounds, can locate the sound source, talk to him from the other side of the room, and he will turn his head towards you. In addition to the use of handbells, parents can also prepare some toys that make different sounds, and place them next to the baby's bed. When the baby rolls over or kicks, he may inadvertently touch the toy to make a sound. Observe whether it will turn to make a sound Sound place. When you hear a sound, you can babble and respond to changes in the volume. "Talk to yourself" in front of your baby and observe whether your baby will interact with external sounds.
Listening to your own voice and the voice of others can establish a connection between the voice and the content of the voice. Call "Dad" in front of the baby and observe whether the baby will turn his head to the father. At 8 months, I can roughly distinguish friendly and angry voices; I can imitate human activities through sight and hearing. Talk to the baby in a gentle tone, he will be very happy; if you use a loud voice similar to reprimand, the baby will cry; when the baby is happy, the adult laughs happily, and the baby will follow suit.
It can distinguish the high and low of the sound. For example, when playing the xylophone with the baby, sometimes the baby will specifically hit the high tone and sometimes the bass. Soon the baby will know that the sound of knocking on the long wood is low and the sound of the short wood is high. When playing the xylophone with your baby, guide your baby to hit the high and low notes, and observe the baby's follow-up behavior, that is, whether you know that the sound of knocking on the long wooden stick is low and the sound of knocking on the short wooden stick is high.
The baby's voice localization ability has been well developed, has a clear positioning movement, and can actively turn his head in the direction of the sound source, that is, he has the ability to distinguish the direction of the sound. The adult holds the wind chime in his hand and shakes it above and below the baby to make a sound. Observe whether the baby will raise and lower his head in accordance with the sound.
【2 years old】
Can run in circles, swing on a swing-can use pronouns such as "you" and "I", and can connect 2 to 3 words into one sentence.
Able to play sports such as ball games-can use plural nouns, can understand simple questions and answers, can recite nursery rhymes more fluently.
【4-5 years old】
Able to participate in general sports activities; can use attributives, adjectives, adverbs, etc., can define the things around you, have a considerable number of words for the names of various things (food, supplies, etc.), animals, and plants; can sing, And can tell simple fairy tales; can explain the actions in the painting, and can ask questions about the meaning of words.
【6 years old】
Be able to participate in various sports activities-basically able to use relatively complete sentences and complete 5-7 short essays with complete grammar, and be able to speak fluently. After 6 years old: Entering school age, children can basically participate in various more intense sports activities. With the continuous growth of age and knowledge, their speech expressions become more colorful.