How to supplement potassium for baby in summer?
In the midsummer season, the heat is hard to come by, and drinking too much water will cause the gastric juice to become weaker, causing the baby's appetite to decrease further, and the body's absorption of potassium is significantly reduced. So potassium supplementation in summer is very important.
1. Potassium supplement is very important to increase appetite
First, eat foods that are more fibrous and less greasy. Summer is the time when melons and fruits are harvested. They have a good taste, rich in cellulose and fructose, which can help improve appetite.
In addition, provide more fresh juice to the baby, but pay attention not to drink too much before meals, to avoid loss of appetite, and not to eat too much cold drinks for the baby to prevent diarrhea. In addition, the air conditioner can be used to cool the bedroom and create a good resting environment for the baby. Only when you have a good rest can you have a good appetite.
2. Supplement potassium and water at the same time
Due to excessive sweating, the loss of potassium is large, so potassium supplementation should be carried out simultaneously with supplementation of water. You should drink plenty of boiled water. Babies who sweat too much can drink a certain amount of light salt water. However, it cannot be replaced with purified water or purified water (because it contains almost no minerals). Don't let your baby drink more carbonated drinks, otherwise it will increase the loss of calcium. You can use melons and fruits instead of cold drinks, which can not only replenish water and potassium, but also prevent heatstroke and cool down. It can be described as killing two birds with one stone.
The so-called diet therapy is better than medication, and the best medicine is food. In daily life, there are many potassium-rich foods. In most cases, parents do not need to take potassium supplements for their babies. By providing potassium-rich foods, the symptoms of potassium deficiency can be improved. So, which foods can supplement potassium?
(1) Buckwheat, corn, sweet potatoes, potatoes, etc. are rich in potassium. Corn flour contains 493 mg of potassium per 100 grams, potatoes contains 502 mg of potassium per 100 grams, and sweet potatoes contains 503 mg of potassium per 100 grams.
(2) Beans, such as soybeans, mung beans, broad beans and their products are also beneficial for potassium supplementation. For example, the potassium content of 100 grams of soybeans is as high as 1500 mg, and black soybeans contain 1377 mg of potassium per 100 grams.
Potassium-deficient babies can appropriately reduce the amount of staple food. Substituting the above-mentioned foods for the staple food can alleviate the lack of potassium to a certain extent. However, pay attention to the large intake of beans and their products, which may increase the baby’s uric acid or even The possibility of inducing gout.
(1) Bananas have the highest potassium content, with potassium per 100 g of bananas as high as 472 mg; per 100 g of apricots, 370 mg; per 100 g of peaches, 257 mg; 100 g of hawthorn, 289 mg, and 100 g of strawberries, 135 mg ; 135 mg per 100 g of pears.
(2) Citrus fruits also contain a certain amount of potassium, such as 199 mg per 100 g of oranges, 182 mg of oranges, 257 mg of grapefruit, and so on.
Fruits tend to taste sweet and sour, with plenty of water, and are easily accepted by babies, but everything has a degree, and fruits should not be eaten too much. For example, bananas are cold. If the baby has weak spleen and stomach, abdominal pain, diarrhea or excessive stomach acid, it should not be too much; for example, oranges, oranges and other mild, sour, sweet, eating more will cause heat and get angry. In addition, the large amount of sugar in fruits will increase the blood cholesterol and keto acid content, which is not good for the cardiovascular system, and the sugar will reduce the baby's food intake, thereby affecting the baby's intake of other nutrients.
· Vegetables, fungi and algae
(1) Root vegetables: Take radish as an example, there are many kinds, and the difference in potassium content is also great. For example, every 100 grams of green radish contains 248 mg of potassium, while carrots have only half of that, while white radishes are rare.
(2) Solanum fruits: White-skin eggplant has a higher potassium content, about 238 mg (purple-skin eggplant 150 mg); cherry tomatoes are higher than ordinary tomatoes.
(3) Melons: Pumpkins are the most prominent, up to 445 mg per 100 grams; cucumbers, loofah, wax gourd, etc. also contain some. Melons are cheap and rich in sources. They are very suitable for regular consumption as daily dishes to supplement potassium.
(4) Stems, leaves, and cauliflower vegetables: lettuce leaves, water spinach, headed cabbage (cauliflower), etc. are very rich in potassium, ≥300 mg per 100 grams; chicken hair, baby cabbage, cauliflower, etc. are at a mid-level level; however, Cabbage, celery, asparagus, etc. contain little or no potassium.
(5) Algae food: The potassium content is quite rich. The daily consumption of white mushrooms is as high as 350 mg per 100 grams. Dried shiitake mushrooms, tea tree mushrooms, kelp, fungus, etc., all contain considerable potassium.